Helping Hong Kong’s squatters: Chairman Wan, Kai Fong Welfare Association 摩星嶺街坊福利會會長尹洪輝

Kai Fong Welfare Association

Helping Hong Kong’s squatters: Chairman Wan, Kai Fong Welfare Association 摩星嶺街坊福利會會長尹洪輝

Sai Wan Stories; memories of HK’s oldest public housing estate
In Kennedy Town you find Hong Kong oldest surviving public estate. 640 units in five blocks built in a rocky hill side, Sai Wan Estate is a living memory of the city’s first big housing crisis. Thousands of people moved here ‘temporarily’ in 1958 fleeing war and unrest, but many never left. Sai Wan Estate is a micro-cosmos of post-war Hong Kong, a place of survivors where the community spirit thrives. We met with some long-time residents. We learned about their hopes, dreams and memories.  Hear their stories, learn what they love. Now, let’s talk about Mr. Wan and the Kai Fong Welfare Association of Mount Davis.

西環邨
這個故事是《西灣邨故事系列》的一部分,故事由明愛莫張瑞勤社區中心及iDiscover撰寫,並曾在區內餐廳Little Creatures展覽。希望這個系列可以讓更多新街坊了解昔日的生活點滴,發現西環的美好。

“People were so nice, most of them said yes immediately and even asked if they needed to pay membership fee. We didn’t ask for a penny and got our 108 quota within one night.”

 

 「當時嗰啲人都好好,好有人情味,俾埋身份証你,又問收唔收會費呀,我話我哋暫時唔收住,你認可就得。」

 

Kai Fong Welfare Association

Say Sai Wan Estate and Mount Davis’s welfare group immediately springs to mind. We always wondered why it’s there? We caught up with the chairman Mr. Wan to find out, he explains: “The association was established in 1955 for the Mount Davis squatter area. We were set up to serve the residents and the community, in Cantonese we call it Kaifong. Back in the days, welfare associations were a key to survival for many.  We’d distribute clothes to elderly during winter, provide shelter during disasters, and even build infrastructure like lamp posts, chairs, fire extinguishers in the neighbourhood. We gave scholarships, we gave allowances for families of immigrants who died – sometimes more than one thousand dollars – we set up kindergarten and ran Chinese and Western medical clinics. We were like a mini government; the Governor would come and visit us personally.

常常會好奇,就是為什麼摩星嶺的街坊福利會會在西環邨出現呢?追源朔本,摩星嶺街坊福利會成立於1955年,本身位於摩星嶺公民村第一區,其宗旨為摩星嶺街坊謀福利,改善生活環境。

「福利會都係服務街坊嘛,以前點解俾個理事長你做呢?政府有咩事幹,就搵個理事長,同佢搞掂依個區,以前福利會好威嗰喎。」從前的福利會可以說是提供了各種元化的服務及設施予坊眾,以救濟為例,如派發寒衣予長者、向災民開放會所避災等;另,在區內福利會更會自建街燈、石椅、滅火筒等,建設基本社區設施。除此之外,福利會就如「迷你政府」那麼,推行「長壽金計劃」,家屬可領取一千多元辦理其身後事;另,其成立診所提供中西醫及牙醫服務;福利會更提供各種康樂設施、成立班組、開辦幼稚園、提供奶水餅食、獎學金等,非常全面。難怪當時連港督也親自到摩星嶺視察探訪。

Kai Fong Welfare Association

Fight for survival

“When the squatter village was demolished we asked the government for a place to stay, we did not want these valuable community networks to be lost. They compensated the residents during the demolishment, why not compensate us?  The government said if we could get 108 households in Sai Wan Estate to agree, we could set up the welfare association in the estate. 108 households equals to one sixth of the estate, so we knocked on everyone’s doors to introduce our mission and services. People were so nice, most of them said yes immediately and even asked if they needed to pay membership fee. We didn’t ask for a penny and got our 108 quota within one night. This is why you find Mount Davis Kai-fong Welfare Association at Sai Wan Estate.”

不過,原來當清拆公民村時,福利會也經歷了很大的爭取才可以逃過「被消失」的命運。「當時摩星嶺公民村直情係政府起的,係政府話聘請公司來興建,寫到明。其實你拆我地摩星嶺,你都要俾返我,佢話我點解要俾返個地方你,你摩星嶺公民村(居民)都有徙置,點解我無,(當時政府說)因為你哋係商辦,唔合法的。嗱,你話我哋商辧,我哋有邊一樣嘢係商辧,我地毎一樣嘢都係為街坊做嘢。」

「當時成日(同政府)拗呢啲嘢,(政府又)無證據(話我哋)係商辧,經過好多人拗,政務處又幫我哋手,社區首長又幫我哋手,政府就俾咗個條件。『嗱,不如咁啦,你既然間話為街坊為居民服務呀,咁你可唔可以同我做一個百分比認可, 咩叫百分比認可?嗱,你去西環邨,徴求一百零八個住客OK你,嚮度成立摩星嶺街坊福利會』,當時講笑囉,一百零八個好漢就有。」

一百零八戸,大概整個西環邨的六分一戶數。「嗰陣政府唔俾我地來依度呀,要我地滿足佢地的條件,於是我哋每家每戶拍門囉,洗樓呀,『我哋有個摩星嶺福利會,而家嚮你樓下成立,想你加入我哋個會,我哋個會有咩咩咩服務,有咩咩咩忠旨』,當時嗰啲人都好好,好有人情味,俾埋身份証你,又問收唔收會費呀,我話我哋暫時唔收住,你認可就得,一百零八個好快就滿啦,即晩就滿咗,就算二百都得,不過佢哋話一百零八個,咪交一百零八個,將依個條件俾咗有關方面。」最後,經過不斷努力地與居民建立信任及支持,摩星嶺街坊福利會成功落戶西環邨,還得到當時很多的街坊的欣賞。

Kai Fong Welfare Association

New era of welfare

“After moving here, we connected with residents in the estate through calligraphy, singing, and drawing classes, relatively quiet activities compared to Mount Davis days when we had ping-pong and football for the youngsters. Many elderly residents prefer indoor activities. We now accept members across the entire city. It’s cheap to become a member and you get a lot of benefits. We offer pun choi, small gifts, sometimes we organise travel trips at low rates. It’s a different form of welfare, but mission stays the same: “pursue welfare for kaifong and improve their living condition”, residents are always our priority.”

不過,從前的福利會服務的是摩星嶺居民,現在在西環邨,服務地點及範圍不同了,又有什麼分別呢?「依家街坊會的確唔同咗,街坊會只不過係叫做形式上有個街坊會,以前做事的嗰班人好多已作故人,輪到我哋啲後人,同以前的街坊差不多已沒有關係。現在搬咗落嚟所連繫的,係西環村街坊。現在辦的班組有書法、唱下時代曲啦、繪畫啦。係呀,比較斯文的班組。公民村興趣班呢,以前一代人啲細佬哥打乒乓波、踢毽子都有、足球又有,嗰啲係興趣嘛,但係依家的街坊福利會無呢啲(設施)嘛,依家的人斯文咗,同以前舊公民村啲人唔同,因為舊公民村人口多,乜嘢班組都可以成立。」

Kai Fong Welfare Association

會否現在一代對於「福利」的看法又有所不同呢?對於福利,尹生有以下見解,「以前公民村範圍係窄,依家我哋搬咗落嚟,個範圍擴到好寛,整個香港都得,只要你有興趣加入我咃堅尼地城摩星嶺街坊福利會…… (我哋)好多人入會,點解呢,其實好現實,將來入會之後,我俾張入會卡之後呢,佢排隊攞盤菜,就唔使錢,廿雞屎(二十元)咋嘛。依家嚟講呢,點樣係福利呢,間唔中派吓嘢,做吓盤菜呀,食完攞大壇嘢走,呢啲咪叫福利囉,有時我地搞下旅行呀,津貼啲嘢俾佢哋,呢啲咪福利囉;班組都係福利,只不過形式同人唔同咋。」時而世易,福利會曾經歷那個黃金的時代,曾經努力的爭取為大眾服務,曾經努力為街坊打拼。「為街坊謀福利,改善生活環境」,以每位街坊真正的需要為首位,似乎到今天仍然是值得我們堅持下去的價值。

These stories about Mr. Wan and the Kai Fong Welfare Association were curated by Caritas Mok Cheung Sui Kun Community Centre and iDiscover, and exhibited at Little Creatures, a restaurant in the neighbourhood.

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